Asian Buddhist Conference For Peace

Sixth General Assembly

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ABCP Sixth General Conference,

16-18 August, 1982 (B.E. 2526)

Ulan Bator

Resolution of The ABCP Sixth General Conference

The early eighties have been marked by a sharp aggravation of the international situation, an intensification of confrontation in the world and the escalation of the threat of a global nuclear catastrophe. We are witnessing open encroachments on the Helsinki Accords and the achievements of the policy of detente.

The threat of nuclear war emanates from the policies alien and hostile to peace, pursued by the aggressive imperialist and reactionary forces. They proclaim "permissibility of a limited nuclear war" in particular, and seek to foist upon mankind their doctrine of "acceptability" of a nuclear conflict in general.

The policy adopted by the United States and backed by some of its NATO allies and the expansionist forces in Asia is designed to gain military supremacy, owing to which the unbridled arms race is leading to serious complications in the world. In spite of the enormous arsenals of armaments with colossal destructive potential already stockpiled, the arms race continues to spiral, and people with horror learn about new and more sophisticated weapons of mass destruction being developed.

The present-day sharp deterioration of the international situation, which threatens the very existence of mankind, causes increasing concern and alarm among the nations over the destinies of peace. A convincing indication of this is the unprecedented upsurge in the anti-war movement across the world, which has drawn into its ranks millions of people with different political views and convictions. The development of this movement has been actively supported by representatives of virtually all religions and creeds, including the Buddhists, the Russian Orthodox, the Roman Catholic and other churches.

The peace-loving Buddhists are especially alarmed over the continuing aggravation of the situation in Asia, the spread of local and regional conflicts, over the increasing military presence and the stepping up of hostile actions by imperialist and hegemonist quarters, with the United States playing the leading role in these. All this not only contravenes the cause of freedom, independence and sovereignty of the countries and peoples in this continent, but also puts in jeopardy peace, stability and security in Asia. This highly alarming development of events in the continent makes it urgently necessary to ensure and step up the unity of action and to coordinate the efforts by all peace crusaders to thwart the adventuristic and aggressive intrigues of the enemies of peace.

The General Conference, mindful of the lofty duties of the Buddhists to safeguard the sacred right of life as preached by the Lord Buddha, notes with satisfaction the ever-increasing prestige of the ABCP and its impact on public opinion in the Asian countries.

Over the period since the 5th General Conference, the peace movement of Asian Buddhists has further increased in scope, drawing in ever more followers of Buddha, who are united first and foremost by their concern for peace and calm whatever the differences in their political views and convictions. The ABCP has increasingly contributed to the fight for expanding detente, the fight against the arms race and the growing threat of nuclear war. In recent years, the ABCP national centres have noticeably stepped up their actions in defence of peace.

The ABCP Standing Commission on Disarmament, on Dissemination of Panchasheel principles and on Peace Education, set up after the last conference are actively involved in the implementation of major and important tasks the movement is faced with in the present situation in Asia and the world over.

The ABCP press organs, especially the journal Buddhists for Pace circulated in more than 100 countries, play an important role in realizing the decisions of the ABCP fora, providing publicity for the movement, raising its prestige and influence on the international arena, expanding its ties and contacts with other peace organizations and movements.

The contacts and cooperation of the ABCP with other peace organizations and movements have been constantly growing. The proof of this is the participation of the ABCP in major international fora and undertakings on peace and disarmament, such as the UN General Assembly First and Second Special Sessions on Disarmament, the World Parliament of Peoples of Peace, the World Assembly of Religious Workers for Universal and Nuclear Disarmament, the International Conference "Religious Leaders for Salvation of the Sacred Gift of Life from Nuclear Catastrophe", the sessions of the Geneva Special Committee of NGO on disarmament and its mass campaigns, the UN regional conferences on Aartheid held in the Philippines, and many others.

In conformity with its constitutional goals and objectives the ABCP and its national centres pay great attention to active participation of Buddhists in the life of their own countries and in the solution of socio-economic problems that they face.

Loyal to the Buddhist ideals of justice and benevolence the ABCP redoubles its efforts to promote in every way the realization of the aspirations of the peoples of Asia and other continents for a new equitable economic order, for human dignity and human rights, for freedom, independence and national sovereignty.

In its activities in the coming years, the ABCP will:

take an active part in the UN sponsored measures to promote peace, friendship and disarmament, and to render every support to the UN Economic and Social Council, UNESCO and other UN organizations;

come out for an immediate end to the aggressive and expansionist actions by the US-backed Zionist circles of Israel against Lebanon, the Palestinians and other Arab countries and peoples. The Asian Buddhist movement for peace expresses its full support of the well-known proposal for convening an international conference to settle the Middle East problem with the participation of all interested parties, including the PLO as the sole legitimate representative of the Arab people of Palestine;

fully support the constructive initiatives set forth by Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea for the attainment of durable peace, stability and good-neighbourly relations between the states of South-East Asia and demand and immediate end to the military provocations and subversive actions against the peoples of Indo-China;

support the striving of broad strata of the population of the Korean Peninsula to reunite Korea on a peaceful and democratic basis and achieve the withdrawal of all US troops from the Southern part of the country;

support the proposals on confidence-building measures and on concluding a convention on non-aggression and non-use of force in relations among the Asian and Pacific states, imbued with the concern for peace and security of nations;

support in every possi8ble way the decision of the UN World Conference held in Sri Lanka on making the Indian Ocean a zone of peace, the demands of the people and states of the Indian Ocean basis and of the world public to prevent the turning of the Diego Garcia Island into a strategic military base of the American imperialism, intended for suppressing the sovereignty and independence development of the countries of the region, and come out in favour of returning this island to its indigenous population;

resolutely oppose the setting up of US and NATO military bases and strongholds in the Persian Gulf, on the East African coats and in other parts of the world, and support the aspirations of nations of these regions to turn them into zones of peace;

invariably support the anti-imperialist struggle of the peoples of the non-aligned countries, and their efforts to consolidate their independence and sovereignty and ensure socio-economic progress of their respective countries.

The 6th ABCP General Conference considers it its top priority:

to promote and enhance the anti-war movement in Asia and the world over and in the light of this goal, deems it necessary to work for the implementation of the following aims:
  • the general and complete ban on nuclear weapons tests;
  • prevention of further proliferation of nuclear weapons;
  • establishment of nuclear-free zones;
  • elaboration, adoption and gradual implementation of a nuclear disarmament programme;
  • limitation and reduction of strategic arms, including nuclear arms;
  • a ban on deployment of all types of weapons in the outer space;
  • a ban on and liquidation of the chemical weapons;
  • limitation and reduction of conventional armaments and armed forces;
  • conclusion of an international treaty on non-use of force in international relations;
  • use of the benefits of disarmament for the purposes of economic and social development;

to mobilise the efforts of Buddhists in propagating and implementing the decisions of the First and Second Sessions of the UN General Assembly, the World Peace Council, the World Assembly of Religious Workers and other fora dealing with vital issues of lasting peace in Asia and the world over;

to pay particular attention to the expansion, consolidation and intensification of the activities of the ABCP National Centres and their ever broader cooperation with religious and secular organization within their respective countries, favouring peace and friendship among nations;

to render all-round support to the actions initiated by the standing commissions and national centres of the ABCP at the international, regional and national levels;

to broadly participate in the peace actions organized by international non-governmental organizations to promote disarmament, cessation of the arms race and prevention of the danger of war, and in the preparation and holding of the World Assembly to prevent Nuclear War and Preserve Peace and Life on Earth, scheduled by the World Peace Council for June 1983;

to consider its pertinent to convene, jointly with other non-governmental organizations, and international conference on key issues of peace and security in Asia;

to keep up the work to study and propagate the Lord Buddha's teachings on peace and tranquillity;

to step up the activities of the ABCP National Centres and commissions in advertising and distributing the journal Buddhists for Peace and other peace organs of the movement;

to undertake practical measures to broaden the Buddhist movement for peace, and to further peace education of women and youth;

to mark annually in an orderly fashion the international days and weeks of solidarity, such as the Disarmament Week, Asia Week and others;

to work out a detailed programme of action of the ABCP for the coming period and to submit it for endorsement to the Executive Council at its next session.

May Lord Buddha bless our peace deeds!