Asian Buddhist Conference For Peace

Fifth General Assembly

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Tokyo, Japan
July 28, 1976

Fifth General Conference

The Fifth General Conference of the ABCP was held under the motto "Buddhists for Peace, Unity and Justice" in Ulan Bator on 16-19 June 1979. It was attended by over 240 del¬egates, observers and guests, representing Buddhists from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Japan, Kampuchea, Laos, Mongo-lia, Great Britain, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, the USA, the USSR and Vietnam. It was also attended by delegates from international organisation such as the United Nations, World Peace Council, Christian Peace Conference, Berlin Confer¬ence of European Catholics, Committee for the continuation of the work of the Conference of Religious Workers for Last¬ing Peace, Disarmament, and Just Relations among Nations and the Afro-Asian peoples solidarity organisation. The con¬ference received messages of greetings from the President of the Mongolian People's Republic and heads of state and gov¬ernment of several other countries. The messages expressed high appraisal of the ABCP activities and wished it further success in the noble cause of upholding peace and justice.

Messages of greetings were also received from Mr. Romesh Chandra, president of the world peace council, His Holi-ness patriarch Pimen of Moscow and All Russia, Venerable Dr. Nakorm Khemapali of Thailand, Mr. Abdel El Sharkawi, Secretary-General of the Afro-Asian Peoples Solidarity Or¬ganisation, and from other religious and non-religious organ¬isations and personalities. The head of Tibetan Buddhists, His


Holiness the Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso, and a peace cham-pion from Japan, 95-year-old Most Venerable N. Fuji attended the conference as guests of honour.

President of the ABCP, the Most Venerable Khambo Lama S. Gombojav delivered on extensive report on the ABCP ac¬tivities. He stressed that in the ten years since its inception the ABCP had developed into a prestigious international organ¬isation.

A report on the ABCP activities in the period since the Fourth General Conference was delivered by the Secretary-General of the ABCP Dr. Prof. Ch. Jugder. There were also reports on the activities of National Centres. These reports demonstrated the fruitful and constructive work done by the National Centres to rally the Buddhists in the peace move-ment.

The following reports were heard and discussed at the two commissions: "The situation in Asian and Tasks before the Asian Buddhist peace Movement" (Venerable A. Indiraratana of Sri Lanka), situation in Southeast Asia (Venerable Thich Tri Thu of Vietnam), Disarmament and Tasks before the Asian Buddhists in the work for peace (Venerable G. Bakula of In¬dia), strengthening of International Solidarity in the estab¬lishment of peace in South East Asia (Venerable Thich Minh Nugen of Vietnam). The Ulan Bator appeal to all Buddhists in Asia and the World, the General Resolution, the special resolution on Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea and the Appeal to the Heads of Government of Asian Countries were unani¬mously adopted at the conference.

These documents highlighted the priority tasks and the sa-cred duty of the movement-to increase the contribution of the Buddhists to the cause of peace and justice, to disarmament and to social and economic progress. They underlined the ex¬treme importance of stepping up the struggle for banning the nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, for complete and general disarmament.

The conference discussed and endorsed the constitution of the ABCP and elected the Executive council and the leader¬ship of the ABCP: the most Venerable Khambo Lama S. Gam¬bojav (Mongolia), the president, the Most Venerable Sh. Mibu (Japan), the Most Venerable G. Bakula (India) and the Most Venerable Pham The Long (Vietnam) — Vice Presidents and Dr. Prof. Ch. Jiigder (Mongolia), Secretary General.

observers and guests representing 15 countries from Ban-gladesh, Bhutan, India, Japan, Kampuchea, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, USSR, Thailand, Vietnam and others, 7 in¬ternational organisations as the United Nations, World Peace Council, Christian Peace Conference, Asian Christian Peace Conference, Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organisation, Working Committee of the Moscow World Conference of Religious Workers for Lasting Peace, Disarmament and Just relations among Nations, Berlin Conference Catholics of the European States and distinguished guests.

After the divine services and chanting of prayers, the Presi¬dent of ABCP, wise scholar and doctor in Buddhist Philoso¬phy, the Most venerable Khamba Lama S. Gombojav opened the General Conference.

The 5th General Conference received messages of greet-ings from the President of the Mongolian People's Republic (MPR) and heads of governments of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Lao People's Democratic Republic and the People's Republic of Kampu¬chea.

In these messages, the above heads of states and heads of governments sent greetings to the participants of the General Conference, highly appraised the activities of the ABCP and expressed to them best wishes for greater success in their no¬ble cause of championing peace and justice.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama and Most Venerable Nichi-datsu Fujii participated in the inaugural ceremony and ad-dressed the Conference.

Greetings were also sent to the Conference by the Supreme Patriarch of Thailand, the Maha Nayaka of Malwatta Maha Vihara of Sri Lanka, the Patriarch Pimen of Russian Ortho¬dox Church, Romesh Chandra, President of the World Peace Council and from other well-known organisations and fig¬ures.

At the plenary session, of the 5th General Conference, the Most Venerable Khambo Lama S. Gombojav, President of ABCP, wise scholar and doctor in Buddhist Philosophy made an extensive speech on the historic road of development of the Asian Buddhist Movement for Peace and its present situ¬ation and future tasks.

He stressed that today one can say with reason that dur-ing the past ten years, the ABCP has steadfastly developed and been strengthening as a peace-loving prestigious interna-tional organisation united in its activities and views as well as coherent in its structural and organisational matters.

At the plenary session, Prof. Dr. Ch. Jugder, Secretary-General of ABCP, delivered a summary report on the work done by ABCP during the period since the 4th General Con-ference of ABCP.

The leaders of delegations of national centres and other affiliates have done fruitful work in the field of uniting and rallying Buddhists for the noble cause of contemporary move¬ment for peace.

Photo: ABCP archives
Most Ven. Bakula Rinpoche, ABCP Vice President (India), Mr. Ven. Sumanatissa (Sri Lanka), H. H. The Dalai Lama, ABCP Presi¬dent Most Ven. S. Gombojav, Most Ven. Nichidatsu Fujii, and Most Ven. Sato (Japan) at the 5th ABCP General Conference in 1979.

Sessions of two commission of the ABCP 5th General Conference were held.

At the session of Commission I, dealing with the topic "Problems of Peace in Asia," the delegates heard and discussed the following reports: "International Situation in Asia and Tasks before the Asian Buddhist Movement for Peace" (the main reporter Venerable A. Indirathana on behalf of Vener¬able M. Wipulasara of Sri Lanka), "The Situation in the South East Asia" (sub-reporter Venerable Thich Tri Thu of Vietnam) and "Disarmament and Tasks before the Asian Buddhist Movement for Peace" (reporter Venerable G. Sato of Japan).

At the session of Commission II, dealing with the topic "Problems of Unity and Co-operation", the following reports were delivered and discussed: "Cooperation of Asian Bud-dhists in the Struggle for Peace" (the main reporter His Holi-ness Kushok G. Bakula of India), "Strengthening of Interna-tional Solidarity in the Establishment of Peace in South East Asia" (main reporter Venerable Thich Minh Nguet of Viet-nam).

The 5th General Conference of ABCP adopted the follow-ing final documents: "Ulan Bator Appeal to All Buddhists in Asia and the World," "General Resolution of the 5th General Conference of the Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace," "Special Resolution on Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea," "Ap¬peal to the Heads of Governments of Asian Countries" and message to His Excellency Yu. Tsedenbal, President of the Presidium of the Great People's Khural of the MPR.

In these documents, it was specifically underlined that the most important task and sacred duty of our Movement is to increase its contribution to the cause of peace and jus¬tice, disarmament, security, development, human rights and to further consistently mobilise the efforts of devotees for this cause.

Taking into account the present situation in the Asian Continent, the conference called upon all the Buddhist mon-asteries, monks and all devotees, women and youth, and point out that it is important:
  • to be most vigilant in the cause of peace and to fur¬ther actively participate in the common cause for banning nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, for general and complete disarmament, stopping the arms race;
  • to exert efforts in pursuance of the sacred teachings of the Buddha to enhance contribution to the cause of univer¬sal struggle for equality;
  • to strengthen the unity and coordinate its activities with all other peace-loving forces for achieving the tasks set forth; in this connection, it defined the future tasks facing ABCP.

The Constitution, adopted in the life of the experiences gained and successes achieved by ABCP during the last ten years, defines the tasks and directions of further work of the ABCP and serves as the.organisation basis of their realisation. The 5th General Conference of ABCP has discussed or-ganisational issues and has elected a twenty-one member Ex¬ecutive Council of ABCP.

The first session of the Executive Council elected the most Venerable Khambo Lama S. Gombojav as the President of ABCP, the Most Venerable Shojun Mibu (Japan), His Holi-ness Kushok Bakula (India) and the Most Venerable Pham The Long (Vietnam) as the Vice-Presidents and Dr. Ch. Jug-der as the Secretary-General.

The 5th General Conference sent a message to Yu. Tseden¬bal, President of the Presidium of the Great People's Khural of the MPR in which the Conference had expressed its gratitude to the Government of the MPR and the Mongolian people for the assistance rendered to the Movement of Asian Buddhists for Peace, and in particular, for the creation of ideal condi¬tions for the successful convening of the 5th General Confer¬ence. It conveyed the best wishes to the President of the MPR and through him to the Mongolian people and the Mongolian friends in the Dharma.

The 5th General Conference of ABCP, which marked a great event in the history of our Movement, was held, in gen-eral, in an atmosphere of mutual understanding and mutual respect for the friends in the Dharma, in the spirit of sincer-ity, unity and business-like cooperation in conformity with the sacred teachings of the Buddha. The participants of the Conference expressed their conviction that the 5th General Conference of ABCP would give a new impetus in the fur-thering of active and fruitful expansion of the Movement of Asian Buddhists for Peace.

19 June 1979
Ulan Bator

Ulan Bator Appeal To All Buddhists In Asia And The World

Brothers in the Dharma,We, the disciples of the Buddha, imbued with a sincere desire and determined with unshakable will to establish uni-versal peace and justice in Asia and the whole of the world, held the 5th General Conference of ABCP from 16 to 19 June 1979, (the year 2523 of Buddhist Era) in Ulan Bator, the capi¬tal city of the Mongolian People's Republic. Gathered under the motto "Peace, Justice and Unity", the Conference reviewed ABCP's 10 years activities, outlined pressing tasks concerning the problems of peace in Asia and the world, and mapped out its tree years Programme of Action.

Photo: ABCP archives
IL H. The Dalai Lama in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia with ABCP President Most Ven. S. Gombojav (centre) and H. H. Most Ven. Kushok Bakula linpoche (India) extreme left, during the 5th ABCP General Conference in 1979.

I. Guided by the Buddha's Teachings, which encourage all men and women to lead their life to righteous paths, warding off all evils in pursuance with what is good; to stamp out ignorance, craving and anger by resorting to dear conscience and reasons; and to bring boundless joy and happiness to all sentient beings, y alleviating them from their sufferings through the practice of METTA-KARUNA;

And proceeding from the sincere usher embraced by us all, to establish lasting peace in Asia and the world under ever-pervading justice enunciated by the Tathagata;

We, the Asian Buddhists, have united ourselves into a movement which pursues the path shown by Him, quite in-dependently and voluntarily, rising above all the barriers such as socio-political systems. nationality, language, colour and race that had so far separated us from each other.

2. Combining such relevant teachings of the Buddha with the active life of the modern society, the ABCP has further strengthened its organisational structure and has become an international organisation worthy to be called as the Asian Maha Sangha, uniting, for the cause of peace, Buddhists in the majority of Asian countries, and demonstrating its capability of shouldering the task of establishing durable peace not only for the Asians, but for the entire world as well.

3. The ABCP has enhanced its international prestige, en¬larged the scope of its manifold cooperation with other reli¬gious and secular peace movements. It has become an effec¬tive movement striving for world peace.

4. The ABCP has responded to the rapid change of situa¬tions and ever increasing complexity of problems of peace in Asia and the world, during the last ten years. It further inten¬sified its activities to contribute more and more to the cause of peace, security and justice, channelling the Buddhist thoughts and actions in the correct direction and formulating right ap-proach to the issues involved.

We know that there are similar peace movements in the world as well as in Asia. They are engaged in immediate tasks such as to reverse and end the arms race, striving to realise General and Complete Disarmament, and in particular nu¬clear disarmament; to improve just relations among nations; to support the just struggles of peoples for national liberation, independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, social prog¬ress and democracy, against imperialism, colonialism and neo-colonialism, and on the whole, ensure survival of hu¬manity and to make people propser on this beautiful planet, the Earth.

It is good that we are now in the joint struggle with all the forces for peace and justice both at governmental and non-governmental levels, and that this combined force has now become a formidable might in the face of threat to the exis-tence of mankind.

We call upon all Asian Buddhists and Buddhists all over the world to join in our common endeavour.

II (Disarmament, Security and Development)

5. The heroic people of Vietnam and the patriots of Laos and Kampuchea have now succeeded in their struggle for na¬tional liberation and for their independence, gaining unprec¬edented victory after many years of just struggle against the world's mightiest power, the US imperialism.

Positive changes have taken place since then. The prestige of the Asian nations have enhanced and the role of the non-aligned developing countries tremendously increased in the international community. It is necessary that they are allowed to build their nations without any external interference. It is thus imperative to strengthen and accelerate positive momen¬tum in favour of people's struggle for peace, independence and prosperity and for just relations among nations, by unit¬ing themselves as one man. We have acquired in this a right perspective and a sense of confidence among ourselves. If we are united, we shall be able to bring success closer to us.

6. The world today spends about one billion dollars every day for military purposes, meanwhile two-thirds of the world population starves, bulk of them being Asians.

Under the colonial rule, Asian economy received the max-imum setback with the result that our continent remained backward. We can reverse this situation if heavy expenditure for military purposes is allowed to be diverted into proper channels for eliminating backwardness of the people and rais¬ing the standard of their life. The necessary minimum for the needy in this continent can only and easily be met with a few days military spendings of the great powers.

7. Last year, in May-June, the United Nations held a Spe¬ cial Session of general Assembly devoted to Disarmament We, of the ABCP together with other NAGOs active in this field of disarmament contributed our share as participants in the capacity of Non-Governmental Organisation for the re-alisation of genuine disarmament. We welcomed the outcome of the S.S.D. because its Final Document had largely reflected our plea aiming at putting an end to the arms race and for elimination of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruc¬tion.

This international community, at its highest level of assem¬bly, fully analysed the situation that while on the one hand due to the persistent arms race and the existence of nuclear weapons, human survival has been threatened; and on the other hand, the rising world public opinion made it clear to the world that the time has come when humanity must seek and achieve genuine disarmament, thereby its security must not be sought in the accumulation of armaments through military alliances, or in strategic superiority or in the precari¬ous balance of deterrence. It is also reiterated that the time has come when we can ensure international security by abandon¬ing the use of force in settling inter-state disputes, accompa¬nied by realisation of disarmament. We believe that this is the unanimous view and the earnest wish of all the Asian Bud¬dhists.

8. The world public has now become quite aware of a close link between disarmament, security and development, after having experienced the horrors of war.

We should strive for a rapidly paced reduction of all ri¬val arsenals throughout the world, we must help consolidate the just relations among nations, thus bringing relaxed in-ternational tension to a stage where even Cold War becomes impossible. We should strive for the establishment of a New International Economic Order, where neither exploitation nor domination over the weaker section could be possible, warding off evil hands of Multinational Corporations which are interfering in the internal affairs of developing indepen-dent countries, and, instead bring up, with loving kindness, a mutually beneficial international cooperation. We, therefore, reiterate that this can be achieved only when our approach to peace and security is based upon our long cherished PAN-CHASHEEL.

9. We demand, first of all, the demilitarisation of Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean regions, and in particular, a ban on deployment of all nuclear weapons there in order to prevent the outbreak of a nuclear war in the domain in which we live together; and we also demand the withdrawal of all aggres-sive foreign troops brought from other regions, and the quick paced reduction of nuclear weapons from all arsenals in the Asian continent leading to complete global nuclear disarma-ment.

10. We firmly demand the abrogation of all aggressive mili¬tary alliances and the abolition of all aggressive military bases on our soil, which have multiplied the threat to the survival of humanity.

11. For all this, the United States is to be blamed_ First, as its administration has been spearheading nuclear arms race, provoking a nuclear war by adopting the strategy of nuclear first and pre-emptive strike in all war theatres throughout the world involving her allies such as Japan and NATO and bring¬ing the Chinese bellicose leaders to deliberately delay negotia¬tions on disarmament.

The global system of nuclear war is being renovated by the USA and her allies to meet arbitrary needs of winning a nuclear war, thereby endangering the survival of mankind.The SALT II agreement has been signed in Vienna. But the ratification on the part of the USA is being threatened by the hawks, who are out to disrupt every effort aimed at elevating measures of arms control as a genuinely effective multi-lateral over all negotiations for nuclear disarmament to ZERO nucle¬ar weapons. If this process is sabotaged the Asians who have been forced to live under the forward-based nuclear strike force will continue to suffer.

12. We demand that the People's Republic of China re-alises that the militarisation of China in the name of "Mod¬ernisation" has added a grave threat to peace and security in Asia, particularly to all the countries in the neighbourhood of China. The establishment of nudear bases at Kashgar in the North of the Himalayas, in the Yutang valley between Ne¬pal and Bhutan, and at Dtsang near Arunachal at the cost of its own shattered economy have dismayed the people of Asia. China must abandon its persistent policy of "inevitability of war" and must withdraw from territories of her neighbour¬ing countries and stop laying false and fabricated demands on the territories of others. We demand China to stop the poli¬cy of sabotage and aggression against the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the People's Republic of Kampuchea and to respect their national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity. China must also respect world public opinion and reserve its nuclear policy and join disarmament talks in the larger interest of its peoples and the people of Asia.

13. We call upon all Buddhists both in the Order and laity, the Buddhist monasteries and organisations in the Asian con¬tinent to take active part in the common struggle for complete prohibition of nuclear weapons, first of all, on their use, de¬claring it to be an unpardonable crime against humanity and a violation of international law; and concurrently, for general and complete disarmament, by reversing the existing trends and putting an end to the entire system of arms race.

14. In connection with the development of Asian commu¬nities, much has to be done in order to fully restore justice to the people thereof, necessitating our more and more active participation in the social life around us.

The dignity of man has been constantly violated. Unprec¬edented crimes of most savage nature have been committed against the Buddhists in Asia, beginning from the genocide in Tibet where about half a million Buddhists were massa¬cred, and, culminating massacre of 3 million people of Kam¬puchea, of which 98 percent were Buddhists, by the Pol Pot¬Ieng Sary clique during three and half years of its rule in that country. The loss of Buddhist people, monks and monasteries have been enormous to be enumerated. Ruthless repression has been committed to destroy the Triple Gem to deprive the peoples the right to profess their belief and to deny them even the elementary right to lead a peaceful life.

Guided by the noble teachings of the Buddha, we must con¬tribute to the common struggle for equality of all peoples and all communities. The Sangha for the promulgation of Dharma has also been established for the protection of human life, for enhancement of human dignity and for the equality of men and women in the true meaning of the word. Once a man or woman enters the Sangha under the Triple Gem, no com¬munal or racial discrimination can be permitted. In fact, in strongly criticising the Brahmanical caste system, the Buddha himself had demonstrated that every human being could at¬tain Nirvana by breaking all the bondages of Karma with the help of unsurpassed wisdom, which, He said, could be shared by all.

The Conference calls upon all the Buddhists, in the name of the Tathagata, to cherish His teachings, to be guided by them and to persistently strive for their implementation.

15. Buddhism stands for modesty in the behaviour of all beings in association with the material world, that is, the en¬vironment. It ensures and uninterrupted recurrence of com¬bination of elements both in mind and matter, through the law of causation.

The wise counseling in this connection of the Buddha to us is to harmonise our life with nature. We, the Buddhists, must always be kind to all sentient and non-sentient beings alike, who surround us. An affluent life, that brings forth the con¬tamination of the mind and matter at its associating points, should be avoided. The wastefulness of the resources appears to be arbitrary and arrogant sway of craving in the mind of a man, bringing a downfall of mankind as demonstrated in the energy crisis and nuclear pollution in the world.

If the humanity has to see the 21st century surviving, which it must, the protection of mankind and the protection of its environment should be placed at the same level of im¬portance.

III Delegation from Nepal at the 5th General Conference of ABCP, 19:9.

We call upon all the Asian Buddhists to stand in the fore in the campaign for protection of environment.

Inter-religious and other methods of cooperation among peace forces calling for the unity among them

16. To the millions of disciples of the Buddha, the broth-ers-in-the-Dharma, proceeding from an analysis of the situ-ation prevailing around us, as mentioned in the general re-view above, this Conference appeals to you that the survival of mankind indeed rests upon the unity of our people of the Asian Buddhists, of different religions, and of peoples of all continents. Our unity must not be obstructed by artificial bar¬riers created by the vested interests separating one segment of people from another in order to weaken the strength of our people.


17. In the face of serious threat to the survival of man-kind, and in order to carry out our responsibility as Asian Buddhists, we must combine our efforts to ensure coopera-tion of all the Buddhists, of all the religious man of goodwill, and over and above, seek world-wide cooperation of all forces struggling for the prevention of war, and for putting an end to the arms race, giving highest priority to nuclear disarmament.


18. To prevent the outbreak of a war, we must strive for the unity of all peoples in the Asian-Pacific and Indian Ocean regions.


We witnessed how with the covert support and agreement obtained in advance from Washington and Tokyo, Chinese ruling circle invaded the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and committed barbaric crimes against innocent men, women and children. They unleashed an unprovoked war on the peace-loving Vietnamese people who were engaged in the task of national reconstruction after 30 years of war forced on them by the imperialists. We do not want the recurrence of such an aggressive war and hope that disputes, if any, will be settled by peaceful negotiations in the spirit of Panchashila. If the Chinese rulers, in total disregard to the world public opin-ion, dare attack Vietnam again, we shall call upon all the Bud¬dhists to rise in unison against the aggressor and name them as the enemy of Triple Gem. In the meantime, we demand that the Chinese aggressors must withdraw from Vietnamese territories and they must act in good faith in the negotiations.


19.The People's Republic of China, having 800 million population, the world's largest, must not resort to a threat of use of force against any smaller nation neighbouring her. China must refrain from threatening her neighbours with he-gemonism and expansionism as has been amply reflected in her latest behaviour towards Vietnam, whose territories were invaded and also in the instigation to the Pol Pot-Ieng Sary clique to commit unprecedented massacre and crimes and de¬struction of the Triple Gem. The Asian Buddhists shall never tolerate such a perfidious behaviour of a ruthless regime. We call upon the Chinese Buddhists, especially those living over¬seas to join us in condemning these inhuman crimes.


20. The unity must begin at home, therefore, we call upon the Asian Buddhists to come together around this Asian Maha Sangha in leading the majority of the population of this vast continent, towards a right path bestowed on us by the Buddha.


21. Inter-religious cooperation has to be sought on all global issues touching the survival of mankind, such as dis-armament, leading to the convocation of S.S.D.-II-1982. We have also to ensure cooperation of all regional peace forces on common issues such as for a campaign for demilitarisation of the Asian-Pacific and Indian Ocean regions and denuclearisa¬tion of the littoral states.


22. The 5th General Conference of ABCP finally calls upon all the Buddhists in Asia and the world to mobilise themselves with a clear conscience and reason to actively associate them¬selves with the tasks facing our mankind and put into practice the noble teachings of the Buddha. All our efforts should stem out of the benevolence of the Tathagata who assured to every one Nirvana for absolute tranquillity of matter and mind for all times to come.


May the Buddha bless our work in the name of peace, jus¬tice and unity!
May the sacred cause of peace lead us towards the fulfil-ment of the wishes of the Tathagata!
May there be prosperity in Peace for all sentient beings!

The 5th General Conference Of ABCP

Ulan Bator
19 June 1979


Appeal To The Heads Of The Governments Of Asian Countries

Esteemed Heads of the States, We, the peace-loving Buddhists from fifteen countries of Asia, gathered in the city of Ulan Bator for the 5th General Conference of the Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace and expressing the aspirations and the will of the Buddhists, have adopted this Appeal to the Heads of the Governments of Asian countries.

During the last ten years, the Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace has grown into an international peace movement uniting Buddhists of most of the Asian countries. The 5th General Conference of ABCP notes with great satisfaction the successes made by the Asian people in their struggle for peace and justice.

The heroic people of Vietnam and the patriotic peoples of Laos and Kampuchea gained historic victory in Indochina af¬ter continued struggle for decades. The developing countries in Asia have been playing an ever-increasing role which has enhanced their prestige in the world. Positive changes have taken place in the sphere of international understanding among nations. The struggle for establishing durable peace in Asia and the world has also gained momentum which we regard due to the persistent efforts made by the people of Asia and their governments striving for peace.

However, the people are already deeply alarmed at the in-tensification of the arms race, continuation of aggressive mili¬tary blocs and alliances by the bellicose forces, presence of US nuclear bases in the littoral lands of the oceans washing the Asian shores, and the expansionist policy of the People's Republic of China against her neighbouring countries.

In such a situation, it is incumbent for all of us to make joint efforts and pool our resources, governmental and non-governmental, to save mankind from a serious catastrophe threatened by the enemies of peace.

The practical measures for establishing peace and justice are to be taken by the governments who are responsible for formulating their policies and for their execution, while of the formation of public opinion rests on the people represented by NGOs.

We, the peace-loving Buddhists, therefore appeal to you:

a. To seek international security, peace, disarmament and environmental protection at a a time when human survival is threatened by the persistent arms race and by the presence of nuclear weapons;

b. To give highest priority to the complete prohibition of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction and for this purpose, to start negotiations for overall reduction of arma-ments;

c. To prevent the outbreak of a nuclear war, and as a matter of extreme urgency, demand that the United Nations adopt at the forthcoming S.S.D.-1982 an International Convention banning the use of nuclear weapons and declaring its use, under any circumstances, as an unpardonable crime against humanity and a gross violation of international law;

d. To increase allocation of more resources to combat hun¬ger, disease and illiteracy by substantially slashing military expenditure in the National budgets;

e. To support people's demand for withdrawal of all nu¬clear bases and we4apons from the Asian-Pacific and Indian Ocean littoral regions by establishing, enlarging and linking denuclearised states and zones leading to complete elimina¬tion of nuclear weapons from our planet:

f. To support people's demand for the abrogation of all aggressive military alliances, and non-use of force in solving inter-state disputes;

g. To improve all forms of cooperation to solve social, eco¬nomic and cultural problems facing our continent;

h. To strive for the establishment of a new International Economic Order in line with the Declaration adopted at the 6th Special Session of UN General assembly devoted to De¬velopment in 1974.

ABCP, representing millions and millions of followers of the Buddha, assure you of our wholehearted cooperation in your striving for peace, justice, mutual trust, understanding and international cooperation.

We earnestly hope that you will accept our Appeal which clearly manifests the urge and aspirations of all people includ¬ing the followers of our Faith.

5th General Conference of ABCP 19 June 1979
City of Ulan Bator, Mongolia

Special Resolution On Vietnam, Laos And Kampuchea

The participants of the 5th General Conference of ABCP held in Ulan Bator from 16-19 June 1979 (corresponding with the year 2523 of the Buddhist Era) heard the report of the Investigation team of ABCP, which had recently visited Viet¬nam and Kampuchea.

We are deeply shocked at the gravity of crimes committed at an unprecedented scale against the conscience of mankind and beyond Buddhist conception.

With the blessings of the Triple Gem, the peoples of Viet¬nam, Laos and Kampuchea gained great victories in the war against French colonialists and the US imperialists for a pe¬riod of 30 years of just struggle for their independence, free¬dom and peace.

From its very inception, ABCP has been fully supporting the struggle for independence, sovereignty, territorial integ¬rity, freedom and for the reconstruction of the countries of Indochina.

The Chinese ruling circle, after obtaining overt and covert agreement from Washington and Tokyo, launched aggression on the territories of Vietnam in pursuance of its policy of ex¬pansionism and hegemonism and also in total disregard to the warnings given by the world public not to use force in settling inter-state disputes, if any, and not to intervene in the internal affairs of other countries and respect national sover¬eignty, independence and territorial integrity of the countries of Indochina and those neighbouring China. However, the Chinese circles flagrantly violated the principles of Panchash¬ila and intervened in the affairs of the countries of Indochina and committed a criminal war of aggression in that part of Asia. They also incited the Pol Pot-Ieng Sary clique to carry out genocidal policy against the Kampuchean people, among whom 90 percent of its population belongs to our Faith. They completely liquidated the Triple Gem and launched border war on the south western territory of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

On 17 February 1979, a large scale war of aggression was launched by the Chinese ruling circle against Socialist Repub¬lic of Vietnam and perpetrated most heinous crimes against the people of Vietnam. They are constantly interfering in the internal affairs of the Lao People's Democratic Republic."Those who blow the wind, must face the storm," as this was true in the case of US imperialism, so the Peking rulers had to face heavy defeat. The Kampuchean people overthrew the criminal region of Pol Pot-Ieng Sary clique and estab¬lished the People's Republic of Kampuchea. The Chinese invading forces were compelled to withdraw from Vietnam, and upon their defeat, the Chinese rulers were brought to the recent negotiating table with the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

However, Peking authorities have not given up their schemes of annexing the three countries of Indochina. In this situation, ABCP reiterates its stand, support and determina¬tion to continue to extend our helping had to the new tasks of defending their independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea against the Chi¬nese rulers' Great Power hegemonist and expansionist policy and for national reconstruction of their countries to heal the wounds of war and destruction. The sufferers of the unpro¬voked war have a right to enjoy peace and happiness, free from all aggressions and barbaric crimes. Thos who are re¬sponsible for such untold sufferings must compensate for the losses made in Indochina.

a.This Conference fully supports the reasonable and sen-sible three-point proposals of the Government of SRV in the recent talks between Vietnam and China, demand Chinese rulers withdraw all their troops from the places which they are trying to hold on to in Vietnamese territory;

b. We demand that the Chinese rulers immediately stop the threat of use of force against the Lao People's Democratic Republic and withdraw the concentrated troops along the Sino-Laotian border and stop interfering in the international affairs of Laos;

c. We urge all the government and the international or¬ganisations to recognise the People's Revolutionary Council of Kampuchea as the sole legitimate and legal representative of the Kampuchean people, and not to give any support of any kind to Pol Pot-Ieng Sary clique which committed the worst type of genocide against the people and destroyed the Triple Gem.

d. To launch a concerted campaign for giving humanitar¬ian assistance to the suffering people of Kampuchea and ap¬peal to the fellow Buddhists in Asia to help in the restoration of the Sangha in Kampuchea.

e. To make the true nature of the crimes committed against humanity in Kampuchea by the Pol Pot-Ieng Sary clique, known to the world, the ABCP should establish an Investiga¬tion Commission preferably at Colombo comprising of the International Sangha, legal experts and technical personnel.

May the Triple Gem prosper in this region!
the Triple Gem prosper in this region! Hereby unanimously resolved as above in the name of the Triple Gem!

19 June 1979
Ulan Bator