Asian Buddhist Conference For Peace

Eighth General Assembly

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Ulan Bator, Mongolia

18-23 September 1990, B.E. 2534


The 8th General Conference of the Asian Buddhist Conference for Peace, synchronising with the 20th anniversary of its founding, was held in Ulan Bator, the capital of the Mongolian People’s republic, from 18-23 September 1990. 141 delegates from the ABCP National Centres of Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Japan, DPRK, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, USSR, Vietnam, Korean Buddhist Association in Japan, and Council for religious and Cultural Affairs of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and from the headquarters attended the Conference in addition to 34 observers, 2 Honorary guests and 6 guests from various organisations, which included Mahabodhi Society of India, the Union of European Buddhists, the Council for Religious and Cultural Affairs of the Government of Bhutan, the Mauritius Action for Disarmament and Peace, World Conference on religion and Peace, Council of European Churches, Russian Orthodox Church, AAPSO, WIDF, WFDY, International Organisation of Journalists, Baha’I International Community, World Federation of United Nations Association, Nipponzan Myohoji, Estonian Oriental Society, the Exoteric and Esoteric Buddhist Institute of Hong Kong, Dae Won Sa temple of Hawaii, Buriat Soviet Peace Committee.

The Conference was declared open by Most venerable Kh. Gaadan, Persident of ABCP. Two minutes silence was observed to pay tribute to the memory of Most Venerable Shojun Mibu (Japan), Most Venerable Amritananda (Nepal), Most Venerable Chang Tae Song (Korean Buddhist Association in Japan), Most Venerable Erdeneev (USSR), and other Buddhist dignitaries who passed away during the period after the holding of the 7th General Conference of ABCP.

This was followed by the reading of messages received from H.E. Mr. Byambasuren, Prime Minister of Mongolia, H.E. Mr. Du Moi, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, H.E. Mr. Hussain Mohammed Ershad, Persident of Bangladesh, H.E. Mr. Kazi Zaffar Ahmad, Prime Minister of Bangladesh, H.E. Wijetunga, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, H.E. Mr. Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, prime Minister of Nepal, H.E. Mr. Chea Sim, President of Council of United Front for Edification and Defence of the Kampuchean Fatherland, H.E. Mr. Kazi Shah Mofazzai Hussain (Kaikobad), Minister of State for Religious Affairs of Bangladesh, Mr. Prasert Ruangskul, Honorary Secretary General of WFB, H.H. the Dalai Lama, Mr. Yu. N. Kristoradnov, Chairman of the Council for Religious Affairs of USSR, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, H.H. Alexey, the Most Ven. Palipana Dharmakrithi Gunaratana, Chief High Priest of Asgiriya Chapter of Sri Lanka, Mahasanghanayake Visuddhananda Mahathero of Bangladesh, H.H. Most Ven. Sangharaj Shilankar Mahathoro, President of Supreme Sangha Council of Bangladesh, Friends of World Peace, Sri Lanka, Pontificium Consilium pro Dialogo Inter religions, Vatican, Japan Council against A and H bombs, Rev. Toshio Miyake, Chief Senior Minister and Rev. Mitsui Miyake, Konko Church of Izuo (Japan), Resident Representative United Nations Development Programme, Ulan Bator, Mongolian Democratic Union, Mongolian Association of Believers, Lama L. Sharavjamts, Khubsgul Aimag, Mongolia, Greetings were also conveyed by representatives of the International Organisation of Journalists, World Conference on Religion and Peace, WFDY, UNESCO, Dr. Kwok Shiu Shiu Ming of the Esoteric and Exoteric Institute of Hong Kong, AAPSO, Baha’I International Community, Union of European Buddhists, Council for Religious and Cultural Affairs of the Government of Bhutan, Council of European Churches, Buriat Soviet Peace Committee and Mongolian Journalists Association.

The messages and greetings were received with thunderous applauses and the participants expressed their gratitude to the dignitaries for their good wishes for the success of the Conference.

The Plenary session heard with rapt attention the Report presented by Dr. G. Lubsantseren, Secretary General of ABCP on the activities and tasks ahead of the movement in the light of new positive changes taking place in the international arena. The leaders of various delegations lauded the efforts made by the Headquarters and the National Centres in realising the objectives of the movement. The participants complemented the Secretary General for his comprehensive report outlining the urgent tasks before the movement and unanimously adopted the report.

On the second day, three Commissions met simultaneously. Commission I on Disarmament and Non-Violence was chaired by Most Ven. Shimma (Japan), and co-chaired by Most Ven. Park Tae Ho (DPRK). Commission II on Principles of Panchsheel was chaired by Most Ven. Kushok Bakula (India) and co-chaired by Most Ven. Anantasounthone (Laos). Commission III on Cooperation for Peace and Social Justice was chaired by Most Ven. M. Wipulsara (Sri Lanka) and co-chaired by Dr. John Taylor (WCRP). The participants of these Commissions had fruitful discussions and made valuable suggestions for practical application on these ideas.

In the afternoon, a Symposium on Buddhist culture, tradition and heritage was held with Most Ven. Sumanatissa (Sri Lanka) in the chair and co-chaired by Most Ven. Tich Minh Chau (Vietnam). The sub-themes of the Symposium included topics such as: Buddhist Philosophy and Contemporary World; Harmony among Nature and Human Beings; Buddhist Ethics and Happiness of Mankind; Heritage of Buddhist Art; and, Astrology and Oriental Medical Tradition in Buddhism. Main reports on these topics were delivered by Most Ven. Gaadan (Mongolia), Ven. Dorj Sydenev (USSR), Most Ven. M. Wipulasara (Sri Lanka), Most Ven. M. Sumanatissa (Sri Lanka), Most Ven. Thich Minh Chau (Vietnam), Mr. Pasang Yondon (Council for religious and Cultural Affairs of H.H. the Dalai Lama) and Mr. Terbish (Mongolia).

The discussion in the Symposium continued in three plenary sessions in which many delegates, guests and observers made their valuable contributions and enriched its deliberations. As a result of the Symposium, it was decided to submit a draft resolution to the General Conference on setting up a Standing Commission on Buddhist Culture, Traditions and Heritage with its centre in Ulan Bator (Mongolia).

A Plenary session devoted to the organisational matter was held on 21 September, where some amendments in the Constitution of the ABCP were made and approved. The same have become effective forthwith.

At the Plenary, Most. Ven. Kushok Bakula (India) was unanimously elected President of the ABCP. The new Executive Council was also elected unanimously.

On the following day, in the morning Plenary session, Most Ven. Thich Minh Chau (Vietnam), Most Ven. Kyotoku Nakano (Japan), Most Ven. M. Wipulasara (Sri Lanka), Most Ven. Anantasounthone (Laos), Most Ven. M. Sumanatissa (Sri Lanka) and Most Ven. S. Dagvadorj (Mongolia) were unanimously elected Vice Presidents of the ABCP.

D. Lubsantseren was unanimously re-elected Secretary General of the ABCP with Mr. Tsybikdorjev (USSR) and Mr. D. S. Adel (India) as Deputy Secretary General and Mr. Wangchindorj as Editor-in-Chief of the journal “Buddhists for Peace” as also Secretary of the ABCP. Members of the Secretariat were also nominated. The composition of five Commissions was also completed and their structures approved.

A Film show on the 20 years of the achievements of the ABCP was another highlight of the programme.

At the concluding Plenary, Ulan Bator Declaration was adopted calling upon all Buddhists to unite in their strivings for peace and tranquillity on earth and promote, in every possible way, the dissemination and realisation of Lord Buddha’s teachings on the lofty ideals of Peace, Equality and Human dignity and also create mass awareness on environmental issues to preserve the Sacredness of nature. A resolution setting up a new Standing Commission on Buddhist Culture, Traditions and Heritage was adopted.

The heads of delegations called on Mr. P. Ochirbat, the President of the Mongolian People’s Republic who appreciated the endeavours made by the ABCP in promoting peace and harmony in Asia and the world.

A Peace Rally was held on the last day of the Conference, attended by representative of various social and cultural organisations of Mongolia. It was followed by a cultural performance by Mongolian artistes.

The participants also attended a Reception hosted by Most Ven. Kushok Bakula, President of ABCP.

The participants expressed their sense of gratitude to the Government, the people and the Buddhists and also Gandan monastery for the hospitality extended and facilities provided for the holding of the Conference in an atmosphere of cordiality and friendship.

Ulan Bator

23 September 1990